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SIVAM - System for the Protection of the Amazon

SIVAM is the infrastructure for SIPAM (System for the Protection of the Amazon) – the Government of Brazil’s comprehensive strategy for sustainable development of the Amazon region. It is a network of surveillance radars, environmental sensors, communications, airborne systems, and coordination centres.

It was created to address problems such as forest burning, land invasion for cattle ranching and agriculture (particularly that of indigenous peoples), illegal mining, and drug trafficking. SIVAM is designed to provide environmental surveillance through the creation of forest and deforestation maps, current burning maps, mineral deposit maps, current land use and settlement maps, climatology data, air and water pollution measurements, and hydrology and flood maps. It also provides feedback on areas subject to illegal use, suspected illegal logging, potential illegal crop resorts and drug processing locations, and finally, it highlights the suitable development areas.

The objectives of SIPAM are the environmental protection of the Amazon region, law enforcement and support, the protection of indigenous reservations, the prevention and control of diseases, border surveillance, the monitoring of river navigation, the surveillance and control of air traffic and support for regional development.

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