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The contemporary historian Felipe Fernandez-Armesto has defined
civilization as 'a relationship to the natural environment...
recrafted to meet human demands'. This controversial definition
underlines the vital importance of environmental ethics, for
without an understanding and respect for nature, civilization
itself cannot be sustained. This first session will explore
environmental ethics and place them in the context of the
Adriatic. In the years since the collapse of totalitarian
power and economic central planning, Albania has faced huge
challenges in its struggle for modernisation and release from
poverty. Though slightly smaller than Belgium, Albania is
favoured with an extraordinary diversity of landscapes, ranging
from the 'Riviera of Flowers' on its Ionian coast to the rugged
mountains of the interior. Despite areas of severe pollution,
much of the countryside is remarkably unspoiled, 36% is forested
and endangered species such as the Dalmatian Pelican are to
be found in rich coastal wetlands. Years of isolationism kept
the coastal areas free from the heavy tourist pressure found
throughout the Mediterranean. All of that could be about to
change. How Albania and its environment can adapt to modernity
will depend on the collective wisdom of its people and those
who lead it.

Opening Plenary

On board in Durres - Albania. Chaired by: HB Anastasios, Archbishop of Tirana and all Albania

The Spirit of Love

Presentations
Welcome address (HAH Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew)
Welcome address by Albanian dignitary
Keynote speech: towards an environmental ethic (The Most Revd Metropolitan John of Pergamon)
The history and political ecology of the Adriatic Sea (HE Ambassador Zivorad Kovacevic)
Coast of Albania: threats and opportunities, environmentally viable tourism (Mr Edi Rama (Mayor of Tirana)
Dr Tatiana Hema (Deputy Minister of the Environment, Albania)
Resolving the contradictions (Mr Edi Rama)

The second plenary looks at the Adamic imagery
of a lost environmental paradise and at a framework for caring
for the sea. It seeks to place the sea in its Balkan dimension
while sailing into the dramatic landscapes of the Gulf of
Kotor fiord. Montenegrins have for centuries lived with the
tensions of being both Adriatic and Balkan, both of the sea
and of the mountains, coveted both by the Venetians and the
Turks, home to both Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. A
fiercely independent land given both to poetry and to the
sword, Montenegro might be seen as reflecting all the themes
of the Symposium in one small space. Eighty per cent of Montenegro
is composed of national parks but it also has heavily polluting
smelting industries. It was this contrast between natural
beauty and modern threat which led Montenegro to declare itself
an ecological state.

Second Plenary

At sea off the coast of Montenegro. Chaired by: Mr Thomas Spencer

Presentations
Welcome address by Montenegran dignitary
Paradise lost: Adamic imagery and the environment (Mrs Margaret Barker)
Adriatic: the Balkan dimension (Mr Misha Glenny)
The ecological and social framework for care of the Adriatic (Mr Graeme Kelleher & Mr Thymio Papayannis)
Montenegro: an ecological state (Dr Perko Vukotic)

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